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A guide to aid in research on mythology from different regions and eras.

Greek and Roman Artwork (from Encyclopedia Britannica)

Greek and Roman Equivalents

Greek Roman Domain
Aphrodite Venus Love and Beauty
Apollo Apollo Music, Art and Poetry
Ares Mars War
Artemis Diana Hunting
Athena Minerva Intelligence and Battle Strategy
Demeter Ceres Grain and Agriculture
Dionysus Bacchus Wine, Parties and Festivals
Erinyes Furies Vengeance
Eris Discordia Chaos, Strife and Discord
Eros Cupid Love and Attraction
Gaia Tellus Earth
Hades Pluto (Dis) Underworld and the Dead
Helios Sol The Sun
Hephaistos (Hephaestus) Vulcan Fire, Metalwork and Crafts
Hera Juno Queen of the Gods; Marriage, Women and Childbirth
Hermes Mercury Travel and Communication; Messenger of the Gods
Hestia Vesta Hearth, Home and Chastity
Hypnos Somnus Sleep
Kronos (Cronus) Saturn Leader of the Titans; Father of Zeus, Poseidon, Hera, Hades and Demeter
Persephone Proserpina Underworld and Springtime
Poseidon Neptune Sea, River and Earthquakes
Thantos Mors Death
Zeus Jupiter King of the Gods; Ruler of the Sky; Thunder and Justice


Introduction to Greek and Roman Mythology

Gods on Olympus, painted on Greek cup.

Greek mythology is the body of stories concerning the gods, heroes, and rituals of the ancient Greeks. That the myths contained a considerable element of fiction was recognized by the more critical Greeks, such as the philosopher Plato in the 5th–4th centuries BC. In general, however, in the popular piety of the Greeks, the myths were viewed as true accounts. Greek mythology has subsequently had extensive influence on the arts and literature of Western civilization, which fell heir to much of Greek culture. (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2015). For more information you can read the Encyclopedia Britannica’s page on Greek Mythology linked below

Roman mythology, or Roman religion is the Roman counterpart to Greek mythology. Like Greek mythology it also deals with Gods, heroes and rituals of the Greeks as well as their origins. Most Greek Gods have a Roman counterpart that was equivalent in their task. For example, the Roman equivalent to the Greek God Zeus is Jupiter, who like Zeus was the ruler of all the Roman Gods. For more information you can read the Encyclopedia Britannica’s page on Roman Religion linked below. 

Selected Works

LC Subject: Mythology, Roman.

LC Subject: Mythology, Greek


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