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GCAN Speech Courses: Citing Sources

Resources for researching and creating informational and persuasive speeches for students in GCAN 100, 101, and 215.

Citing your sources is important! No matter the assignment (paper, speech, online post) you need to show where your information came from. Your instructor will tell you their expectations for citing sources. This page shows some basics for the APA (American Psychological Association) style of citations. You can click the link below for an entire guide about citing sources.

Common APA Citations (7th Edition)

Use these examples of APA-style citations for commonly cited information formats as a model for your References page.

Each information format heading is a link to more detailed citation information.

Article in Journal

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article.​Title of Publication, volume number​(issue number), pages. (if available)

Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. ​The New Criterion, 15​(3), 5­13-515.

Article in a Magazine

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year, Month Day). Title of article.​Title of Magazine, volume number (Issue number if available)​, pages. (if online)

Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today's schools. ​Time, 135​, 28­31. 

Article in a Newspaper

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year, Month Day). Title of article.​Title of Newspaper, pages (if print). (if online)

Schultz, S. (2005, December 28). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. ​The Country Today​, 1A, 2A. 


Author, A. A. (Year of publication). ​Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle​. Publisher.

Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). ​APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication​. American Psychological Association.


Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year, Month Day). ​Title of page​. Site Name.

Lowensohn, J. (2009, April 7). Nine tools that let you randomly browse the web. CNET.

Note: If no date given, use (n.d.), if no author given, move the title of the webpage to the front. 

Example: Title of webpage (n.d.) Bad Website.


Citation Tools and Resources

Example of a References Page in APA

This video provides the 'rules' of the APA Reference page. The Reference page is an organized list of your sources, placed at the end of your paper.

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